Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto definitionHugo Alvar Henrik Aalto (1899 - 1976)
A Finnish designer and architect, Aalto influenced many people with his Scandinavian modern designs. He influenced people in Finland, as well as the United States in regards to his furniture design. Aalto started designing furniture in the 1920s and was drawn to using wood, rather than metal in his designs. He is best known for his laminated beechwood chairs which he created in the 1930s. Aalto is the first designer who used the cantilever principle for the designing of chairs with the employment of wood, rather than tubular steel. In addition to furniture, he designed glassware, lighting fixtures, and fabrics.