art of fermentation definition

Fermentation is a kind of anaerobic process that releases energy; it breaks down carbohydrates and other substances into simpler substances.  Many microorganisms such as bacteria, yeasts and some molds access their energy through the process of fermentation.  The end result of each fermentation process is based upon which type of microorganism is active and the actual item being fermented.  Antibiotics are made from mold and bacterial fermentation for example.  Beer is made from the fermentation of yeast in grain, while wine is the result of yeast fermentation from fruit juice.  There are various methods of fermentation, and the process is often associated with products that are beneficial for the intestinal tract, such as kefir, yogurt and fermented pickles.  The art of fermentation has been growing in popularity in recent years as scientists and laypeople alike learn about the health benefits of consuming fermented foods to aid digestion, boost the immune system and prevent disease.