A grouping of algorithms display graphic form in abstract geometrical terms as object primitives (the basic shapes that other shapes are created from – curves, lines, plan or patterned area masses).
Oblique perspective is a type of linear perspective. All categories of linear perspective include a horizon line and a stationary point (the position of the observer). In oblique perspective there are also two vanishing points somewhere on the horizon; however, unlike two-point perspective, there also exists a vanishing point above or below the horizon line that the vertical lines disappear to. Oblique perspective is the same as three-point perspective.
Oblique type includes characters that slant to the right. Sans serif typefaces frequently contain oblique rather than true italics. True italics are regarded as a different font.
Offset printing is used for high-volume reproduction. It involves 3 drums that rotate (an impression cylinder, plate cylinder and blanket cylinder). The process involves wrapping the printing plate over the plat cylinder that is inked and moistened. Then, the plate image is moved on the blanket cylinder. The paper moves between the impression cylinder and blanket cylinder, allowing the image to pass onto the paper.
Oil-based paints including satin, eggshell and wipeable gloss finishes. Each type of oil-based paint is ideal for different purposes. Eggshell and satin are best for wood or walls. Gloss is best for woodwork pieces.
Omake is the bonus animation content that is put on a DVD or videotape. Frequently this additional animation contains super-deformed characters.
A print that is not corrected shot by shot. Instead, the print reveals how all the shots appear in contrast to one another with the same printing lights. It may be helpful to know what changes have occurred in the shots color and exposure.
A high-quality animation production drawing. It is often framed side by side with a hand-painted animation cel that is a limited edition of the drawing.
One-point perspective is a type of linear perspective. All categories of linear perspective include a horizon line and a stationary point (the position of the observer). In one-point perspective, only one vanishing point exists; lines radiate outwardly from this point, and perpendicular lines meet at this point. One-point perspective is the same as parallel perspective.
An open edition is offset lithographic prints. The prints may be signed by the artist, or it may not. A print is considered to be a poster if it is not number or signed. The term also denotes that the original can be reproduced in different sizes, as well as being printed on various media (such as on coffee mugs or cloth).
Optical Art is a term referring to sculptures or paintings that appear to almost vibrate because of their optical effect. Using patterns and colors, artists of the movement were able to create visual effects that disoriented its viewers. Key painters in the movement include Bridget Riley and Victor Vasarely. Two sculptors who used illusion of distortion to disorient viewers were Eric Olsen and Francisco Sobrino. The artists used what they knew about perceptive psychology to create their idealized versions of their intended results. Other cousin art movements related to Optical Art include the Constructivist Art and Kinetic movements. As it developed, Optical Art gained favor with the public; however critics were more skeptical of its operation in the art world. One famous exhibit from the Optical Art movement was “The Responsive Eye” exhibit shown in the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1965. As a result of the exhibit, fashion designers and trendy street stores started to incorporate the style in their products. Soon after, the term became a household name.
A re-photographying of a film frame by frame. It provides a means of creating a copy of a film that allows for many more options (as opposed to contact printing); however, the process does lessen the amount of clarity and contrast in the footage in 16mm.
The system utilized by a projector to play back a film print’s sound; the sound is exposed onto the film as a translucent modulating line over black. The track is read by the projector by putting it through an exciter lamp. The voltage of the lamp is then amplified and fed through a speaker to project it.
Creating an optical track is a middle step one does before going from the mix master to the final print. The optical track is photographed on a piece of high contract stock when the mix is finished (by a facility or a lab). The track is a different roll of film than the original negative. It is joined to the picture when a print is struck. One should realize that the optical track remains as an element separate from the A&B rolls – the track is passed into the contract printer at a different time.
Also known as optical effects, opticals are simply effects created through optical printing. Examples of opticals include superimposed titles and transitions. The term “optical” can refer to anything that is optically printed (such as blowing up from from 16mm to 35mm).
A tool used to clean the gate of a camera. It is simply an orange stick that can be purchased at a drug store to clean one’s nails.
In math, the rule set that identifies the order in which computations - such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division - must be performed.
A sheer fabric that is softly textured and is made up of various layers that contrast one another. Combinations may include transparency vs .translucency or shine vs. matte.
To purchase an original means that a person possesses the only one. An original is the work of art completed by an artist. Frequently no reproductions are created from a drawing or painting. Prints are made from photographing the original piece. An original with a limited edition print is more valuable than just the original being made because it has the opportunity to be better known and admired. Often times a print is smaller than the original.
Film, reversal, or negative, shot by a camera as opposed to film that is a dupe. One may say “negative” or “original” and they mean the same thing. But saying “original” is the most efficient way to communicate that something is the real deal, and not copied.
An ornament is a pattern or device that embellishes text that is printed or handwritten.
An orphan is the very first line of a paragraph set apart by a page break or column from the remainder of the paragraph. A heading may be considered to be an orphan if the text beneath it is not enough. Ideally, the type under the heading should be the same as the height of the heading (this includes the white space).
Perspective lines that point to the vanishing point; orthogonal lines are perpendicular to one another.
Otaku is a term that refers to a loyal fan. In the United States, the term is devoid of any negative connotation and is used as a badge of honor by dedicated anime fans. In Japan the term otaku contains within it implications of someone being too attached and involved with a particular hobby.
Workprint footage that is not put into the edited version of the film. A couple frames or just one single frame are called trims.
Since film is perishable, dyes will change color and the grain will build up over time. The end result is an image that contains less and a foggy appearance. Even if film is refrigerated, the effects of time will take their effect after 2-3 years. Slow films tend to grow foggy in a longer amount of time than faster films. And black and white film lasts a little while longer in quality than color film. However, if one is trying to save a buck or two and does not need the longevity, outdated stock can be bought inexpensively.
The outline in a drawing or painting refers to a line that acts as a delineating edge between a form/shape from the spaced around it. An outline is considered 2D, because it does not refer to the contour of the form/shape. It is also known as a silhouette.
The outline is the outer border of a graphic or area of text.
Followig the edge of an applique pattern or patchwork with stitches.
The size of the limited edition print. The overall size includes the margins of the paper and the actual image.
Creating slow motion by running the camera faster. The term originated from the time cameras used to be operated by cranking them.
The process of shooting a film scene with more light than the film’s emulsion needs. The result will be an image that does not contain much depth of field and the image will appear too bright. One can alter the image in printing, but the image will contain too much contrast.
Overlapping planes in a drawing/painting refers to the technique of creating an order of space. Overlapping happens if a figure/object prevent the viewing of another figure/object.