A type of cloth tape that is used on particular film shoots. Generally, gaffer’s tape is either silver or black and is two inches in width. It is used instead of duct tape because it does not leave any residue after it is peeled off.
An artist needs exposure for his artwork. To do this, one may work with organizations, websites and galleries to display the work. In working with anyone or organization, an artist needs to maintain control over his rights of the artwork. For example, to display work with a gallery, an agreement is signed in regard to how the gallery will present and hold the artwork. The placement of the artwork, the framing of the artwork, terms of delivery, the sale price and the value of the work should be clarified, identification of the artwork, fees for displaying the artwork and the time the exhibition will be displayed all need to be included within an agreement. It is also important to include any license information that allows the gallery to reproduce the artist’s work without infringement. One should be careful to analyze the license terms of agreement as a separate entity especially if the license includes terms that go beyond reproduction for publicity purposes. Also any gallery agreement must include information about the risk of loss of the artwork should any event or damage occur. Galleries should have insurance that takes care of artwork exhibited.
Galleys refer to type set that is in long columns. They may be printed using a page-assembly program in desktop publishing to use for copyfitting or proofreading.
Gamut is the range of hues that various kinds of ink sets or output devices can process and make particular hues in a particular range.
A term used after WWI to describe women who both looked like and dressed like boys. The term originated from the title of a novel published in 1922 by Victor Margueritte.
Part of the lower leg, the gastrocnemius includes the medial head that joins to the femur just above the medial condyle ( the lateral head operates the same way above the lateral condyle). It is located at the achilles tendon to the bone of the heel, the calcaneus. The function of the gastrocnemius is to straighten the joint of the ankle to point the left or right foot, or lift a person that is standing onto the ball of his/her foot.
A camera or projector opening that resides behind the lens. On a camera it allows a single frame to be exposed; on a projector it allows the single frame to be projected.
The gauge is the width measurement of a film format. Examples of gauges are 35mm and 16mm.
Silk gauze created by a textile manufactory founded in Switzerland called Abraham. Gazar has a smooth, crisp feeling to it.
A big sheet of clear tinted plastic; it functions as a filter for a movie light or as a window covering. The sheets can be purchased in several different colors. This is one type of gel. The other type of gel can change one color temperature to another color temperature
A material of white ground that prepares a support for the future application of paint. Gesso is made up of glue, chalk and white pigment.
Gestalt refers to the concept that the whole “togetherness” of something is greater than the sum of its individual parts. It is the total concept of the item being created – rather than just thinking of the separate pieces that make up the item.
A gesture drawing is the representation of the essence of an object’s or figure’s position. It is the act of creating a drawing or sketch with a loose grip and movement of the drawing tool used. Gesture drawings are often very expressive and allow one the freedom to loosen up and not worry about small details. Gesture drawings are an ideal way to warm up before one starts to concentrate on a more intense drawing exercise.
A character made up by Charles Dana Gibson, an American illustrator. The character was first seen by viewers in his artwork in 1895.
A giclée is a digital print that results from a digitalized image exported from a computer to an inkjet printer. Often a giclée refers to a fine art print or a limited edition printed on archival quality paper that is coated. The pigment inks used to make the print are UV stable. In order to be considered a “giclée” a print needs to stand up to Fine Art Trade Guild standards.
A gicleé (zee-clay) is a French word that means to spray or spit. Gicleé reproductions are images of the original piece of artwork that are created with a high-end ink jet process.
GIF stands for graphic interchange format. A GIF image can be shown with up to 256 colors. Usually this type of image contains small file sizes; as such, they are a frequently used graphic format on the Internet. They cannot be used successfully in printing because their compression creates a low quality image.
A sleeve in the shape of a leg of mutton – the sleeve is rounded and full starting from the shoulder and extending to the elbow. It then narrows at the wrist. In the 1830s very full sleeves were fashionable, and they again came into fashion during the 1890s.
Gilding refers to applying gold leaf to an adhesive base in order to embellish an ornament or letter.
A man’s sleeveless garment the length of the waist; the garment was worn over a shirt and under a jacket.
A flexible undergarment worn (usually) by women over the waist and hips to give the body a slimmer appearance.
Glass beads - beads made of glass since ancient times all over the world. Glass beads from Venice are especially well-known. Mariano Fortuny used glass beads frequently in his designs.
A colored thin layer of transparent paint put on another layer of paint. It is used to change the look and color of the previous surface.
A type of paint that is washable and durable. It can be found in a variety of colors.
Part of the hip and thigh section of the body, the gluteus maximus includes the posterior, lateral surfaces of ilium,sacrum, and coccyx, as well as a number of ligaments on the pelvis.) It is located at the upper, posterior surface of the femur, and the iliotibial band. The function of the gluteus maximus is to straighten the thigh at the hip and bring it backwards.
Part of the hip and thigh section of the body, the gluteus medius includes a wide area on the lateral surface of the ilium. It is located at the great trochanter of the femur. The function of the gluteus medius is to lift the thigh to the side. Moreover, its anterior and posterior sections rotate it medially and from side-to-side.
A style of artwork that emerged between the 12th-16th century in Europe. The term refers to paintings and sculpture that contained a naturalistic style. However, predominately the term “Gothic” is known as an art movement that influenced the architectural style of the day. Intricate ornamentation, such as pointed archways and complex rib vaulting, characterize the Gothic style. The movement started in France and spread through Europe. It replaced the Romanesque architecture style before it because it allowed for stained glass windows rather than traditional mosaic decorations; moreover, it also permitted thinner walls to be built – as opposed to the thick ones in the Romanesque style. Examples of Gothic architecture include Amiens, Reims and Chartres.
Gothic script refers to a general term that includes various styles of writing; usually the writing is heavy and angular, and relates to the medieval period.
Non-transparent watercolors which are often used to create illustrations.
Gradation is a drawing or painting technique in which there is a gradual change from a tone/color into another tone/color. Gradation is used in drawing to create forms that appear three-dimensional.
Gradient refers to a function in graphic software permitting a person to make an image contain a gradual change of colors (such as purple turning gradually into blues and then greens).
The grain is a term relating to the degree of quality of a piece of leather. Several factors determine the quality grade, including the level and condition of any marking exposure after the removal of any hair folllicles, and any damage on the leather's surface. A leather contains a better grain if it was taken from a younger animal.
Graphic design is the visual display of a concept or idea. Various sub-categories exist under the umbrella term “graphic design.” For example, graphic design includes under its actitivites web design, logo design or poster design.
A graphic novel is simply the collected issues of manga or comic books into one book. The term may also refer to a novel adaptation or original story that is told in comic book form but bound in a book format. Because of their visual content, manga graphic novels are often presented in a wider version of a paperback novel.
A gray-scale image refers to a deep bitmap that keeps track of every dot with its gray-scale level. A function of the size of the dot is the impression of greenness. A section of small dots will appear light, and a section of large dots will appear dark.
Greeked Text refers to text that is displayed as gray bars that is similar to the lines of type as opposed to the actual characters. Greeked text lessens the amount of time necessary to draw images on the screen.
A grid is a pattern of parallel lines that cross one another at right angles or diagonally.
A style of painting using only various shades of gray; this type of painting is used in particular to create relief sculpture.
A monochromatic painting (usually gray) that is often placed underneath other layers of colored glazes.
A term describing a type of bone concave form, a groove is a linear, skinny depression.
The surface of etched glass in a camera’s view-finding system. The groundglass and film plane are located the same distance from the camera lens.
A substance originating from a plant that is soluble in water.
A substance taken from Acacia trees that functions as a medium for watercolor paints.