Men’s formal attire that included knee-breeches, a waistcoat and a jacket during the 18th century.
The term “habit” replaced the word justaucorps during the 18th century when referring to a man’s jacket.
A plain-weave, soft silk fabric of Japan that is lightweight. In Japanese, the fabric is often called hiraginu.
A term referring to the hair follicles not removed from a piece of leather in order to create a 'wild' effect. Every hide contains an original pattern and color.
An effect that happens when an image’s bright regions bleed into the edges of the darker regions. This happens when the light passes through the emulsion layer and reflects off the base of the film. This exposes the emulsion on the side right next to it. Some companies will make film that has a black anti-halation surface coat on its edge.
Half tone in drawing refers to the lightest area on a form after the quarter tone and highlight areas. The rays of light shining on a form’s surface are parallel to the half tone.
Halftone refers to a continuous-tone image that is photographed through a screen to make different sized dots that may be reproduced during the printing process. It is used in traditional publishing; one creates the digital halftones by sampling a continuous-tone image, and arranging numbers of dots; this in turn will simulate the various sized dots to create the same appearance.
A screen used in traditional publishing that a continuous-tone image is photographed. The term describes the dot sizes (the digital halftones are not photographed through a screen in actuality). One can create special effects using special screens. The smaller the dots, the less grainy an image appears.
A gas that is inside the lamp of a Quartz light. The gas extends the life of the tungsten filament. Frequently Quartz lights are also referred to as Halogen Lights.
Hand is another word for handwriting or script. “Hand” signifies that something is written by hand, as opposed to a computer.
A way of painting onto a printed giclee edition. An artist needs to decide which areas should be highlighted in order to make the texture of the print as close to the original as possible. Metallic colors that cannot be reproduced may also be picked out by the artist to paint onto the print.
Holding a camera in place by the cameraperson while shooting film, rather than using a tripod.
Type set in which the first line is flush left. The rest of the lines are indented.
(1552 -1615) Hans was a German painter who primarily painted in the Netherlands, Italy and especially Prague where he eventulaly lived in 1596. There, he worked under the emperor Rudolf II as a court painter and later for the emperor Matthias. His artwork contained long, elegant figures and he was noted for his playful nudes. He influenced engravings being made from his artwork and became a well-known artist from his time period.
A hard hyphen is a hyphen that is continuous; it is used for the two sections of a hyphenated word that should not be broken apart. (A hard hyphen is different than a soft hyphen in that in a soft hyphen the program’s word-wrapping function separates a line.
A hard return is made by pressing the Enter key or the Return key. (A soft return changes according to the column width and character count.)
A type of board material made out of wood fiber. It is created into panels that have a density of 50 to 80 lb. per cubit feet. The bits of wood are adhered together through pressure and heat (as opposed to resin and glue. Frequently one side of a hardboard is rough and the other side is smooth.
A group of various evergreen or deciduous trees that thrive in tropical or temperate regions.
Bouffant pants that originated from the Middle Eastern style of pants. The pants gather into bands at the wearer’s ankles.
Harem series is a will-liked subgenre of romantic comedy; they focus on a young man who cohabitates with several young women. There exist basically two ways the story may go. In one form, the young man likes a particular young woman, but is lured by the other woman. Or, the young man cannot decide which woman he wants and the story revolves around the women trying to get his favor. Frequently the young man is a nice, rather gentle sort of person, whereas the women are strong, talented and aggressive.
Begun as a number of literary conversations in Manhattan, this African-American cultural movement eventually became known as the Harlem Renaissance which involved a high level of creativity among African-Americans. The essence of the movement was about celebrating the culture of African-Americans and seeking to express it in a new way. Alain LeRoy Locke, a sociologist, wrote a book entitled, “The New Negro” that had a big influence in encouraging many of the new immigrants moving into northern cities to take pride in their heritage and to express it. Other key men that heavily influenced the movement include the editor W.E.B. Du Bois (editor of The Crisis Magazine) and Marcus Garvey (founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association).
Charles Frederick Worth started the industry of haute couture in the late nineteenth century that developed into this Parisian high-quality clothing and its special system of creation.
The start of a roll or shot. The term may also refer to a round clamp that works in addition with an arm on a C Stand. A head may also refer to a tripod head.
A head is a single line or multiple lines of copy that is set in a bigger face in relation to the body copy.
The area in-between a subject’s head and a frame’s top. It is important to make the headroom not too much or too little. The cameraperson needs to take into account any cropping that may occur later on the sides and top of the footage.
Hellenic art refers to artwork made in places influenced by Greece and in Greece itself from around 1100 BC - 100 BC. Six stylistic stages make up Hellenic art including: 1) the Protogeometric period from 1100 - 900 BC, 2) the Geometric period 900 - 700 BC, 3) the Orientalizing period from 700 - 600 BC, 4) the Archaic period from 600 - 500 BC, 5) the Classical period from 500 - 323 BC and 6) the Hellenistic period from 323 - 100 BC. Rome gradually took in Hellenic art and made its own version of it during the 2nd and 1st centuries BC due to Roman political influence.
The Hellenistic period was the last stage of Hellenic art (Alexandrian art) and is generally thought to have started with the end of Alexander the Great's reign. Because of Alexander's triumphs, the Hellenic art created during this time (323 - 100BC) was made vastly beyond the edges of Greece. And as a result, it contained cosmopolitan influences. The ideas of perfect beauty and the harmony attached to it was replaced with an individuality and an energy often resulting in the melodramatic. Artworks of people who were old and in pain, as well as young people full of life and vitality, were created. Also, what newly emerged was that the varying and deep emotions experienced in people's mental states were captured visually. The dignified poses usually applied to the gods were now applied to portraying influential rulers. Figure compositions began to include landscapes, architectural designs and draperies. Huge sculptures were created, as well as small statuettes of the ordinary that were both relatable and more closely resembled real life than the bigger pieces.
Hentai is translated as being perverted when it refers to adult-only anime; it contains erotic, highly visual sexual content.
The Hepburn system is a frequently used technique of transliterating Japanese written content into English writing.
A plywood square that is joined to a bracket; a tripod can be joined to a hi hat. A hi hat is utilized in order to get the camera very close to the ground during shooting. In the past, a hi hat was used to hold the camera very high up.
The first form of writing that was used in ancient Egypt. Pictorial symbols are used to represent words.
In drawing, the highlight is the most intense illumination of a form. The highlight is located on a surface where the light rays hit the form at a perpendicular angle.
Hikikomori is an anti-social behavioral pattern happening in Japan. It involves individuals removing themselves from society and demonstrating hermit-like behavior; they stay in their rooms and shut the door to the rest of the world as they surround themselves with anime, whether it be watching anime, playing games or reading manga.
Abbreviation for Halogen Metal Incandescence. It is a kind of light that features powerful, efficient and quite bright lights. They can be used in mixed lighting conditions because they are balanced for the color temperature of daylight. The negative side of using HMI is that the lights are heavy, expensive and should only be used with a crystal sync camera.
A skirt that is rounded over a woman’s hips and narrows together as it reaches the ankles. The skirt impedes walking because it is so narrow at the bottom. The skirt was introduced to society in 1910 by Paul Poiret.
A system Hahnemühle designed in order to make sure that artists’ prints can be authentically recognized and that the prints are not copied. The system involves an alphanumeric hologram that is attached to the back of a numbered print. The same number is also placed on a certificate of authenticity.
In Japan, honorifics are put at the end of a name in order to display a degree of formality and familiarity that a speaker uses when referring to a particular individual. Not using honorific signifies disdain for a person or it may signify that the speaker and addressed person as being very close. Recently the use of honorifics has become more frequent in subtitling and English dubs. Various forms of honorifics in anime include: chan, dono, kun, nii/nee, sama, san, senpai, and sensei.
The horizon line is a line drawn across a picture. It is essential for a picture to have a horizon line if a person wishes to communicate from what perspective a person is observing the picture (from above an object, below an object…etc). It is not necessary to include the horizon line in the picture. However, it is important to include a ‘virtual’ horizon line in order to make a picture follow correct perspective. The horizon line is always one’s eye level. If one draws a line perpendicular to the ground outwardly from one’s eye level, this is what is considered the horizon line.
An entertainment gown worn at home by the lady in charge of the festivities.
“Hot pants” is slant for women’s short pants. The term was coined by the fashion industry in 1971 from the newspaper Women’s Wear Daily.
Labs will not time a film when one asks for “house lights” for a print. The print is completed minus color correction and exposure. In general, they range in the center of the printing scale: 25 – 25 – 25.
(1825-1875 )The Hudson River School refers to a group of American landscape painters that formed together in the years 1825 to 1875. The group was full of patriotic spirit – a trait that gave them a boost in popularity among people of their time. The paintings of the artists were themed around the aesthetic qualities of their homeland. The main promoters of the group included Thomas Cole, Thomas Doughty and Asher B Durand.
A Finnish designer and architect, Aalto influenced many people with his Scandinavian modern designs. He influenced people in Finland, as well as the United States in regards to his furniture design. Aalto started designing furniture in the 1920s and was drawn to using wood, rather than metal in his designs. He is best known for his laminated beechwood chairs which he created in the 1930s. Aalto is the first designer who used the cantilever principle for the designing of chairs with the employment of wood, rather than tubular steel. In addition to furniture, he designed glassware, lighting fixtures, and fabrics.
An historical movement associated with the Italian Renaissance founded upon the literature and culture of classical Greco-Roman antiquity in regards to scientific, intellectual, literary and educational branches between the 14th - 16 centuries.
The French army’s light cavalry. The soldiers’ uniforms originated from the cavalry unites of Hungary. The Hussar style gradually became fashionable starting from the end of the 18th century.
A term describing the absorption of moisture from the air.
The distance set on a focusing ring of the lens that best uses the depth of field available. Distances are listed out on depth of field charts, as well as lay out the area of focus at various f-stops. A subject is not essential to focus on at this distance.
A hyphenation zone is a random zone around 1/5 to 1/10 of the measurement of a line. Hyphens are used to “fill in” the line of a long word that does not include a hyphen and creates a break within that zone.