An acrolith is a draped statue (often a Greek one) that features arms, legs and a head made out of marble and upheld by a trunk of material such as wood.
Agaima was a Greek word used to refer to any sculpture work. Eventually the term was used to refer to a god statue and less frequently a painted portrait.
Agaimatolite (also referred to as pagodite) is a yellow/green/gray stone employed by the Chinese for carving images and pagodas.
Alabama Cream is a kind of American marble excellent for sculpture. Cream Blanc and Madre Cream are other fine-grained, hard, milky kinds available.
A slightly translucent stone with a smooth, white surface. The stone is soft enough to be sawed with a handsaw and is easily carved. It is best used inside because of its susceptibility to scratches. The alabaster mentioned by people in the distant past is actually a different and more sturdier stone variety called onyx marble.
Alabastron is a type of ancient Greek pottery. It features a little oil flask with a curved bottom in the form of a tear drop. Greek athletes used it many years ago to hold and carry the oil they wanted to smear on their bodies.
Albany slip is a slip clay that is produced not far from Albany, New York. The clay was used to create stoneware by early American potters; it gave their pieces a blackish-brown gaze.
An Italian word for a sculptural relief; shapes stick out from the backdrop of the relief sometimes more than half of the depth's form.
Amherst standstone is a light sandstone that is obtainable in various colors including gray and light, tan brown. It originates from the state of Ohio in Lorrain County.
An amphora is a big, ancient Greek ceramic jar featuring two handles employed for storing things such as grain and wine. There were different kinds of amphoras made, one of which was placed in a rack instead of remaining upright on its own, and another in which featured a kneck that was offset. Some contained artwork on them. Many numbers of amphoras were used for transportation purposes of goods.
A sphinx is a carved picture of a lion laying down that contains an animal or human head positioned in a fixed gaze. It was a favored theme in art from Egypt. The term "androsphinx" refers to the sphinx that features a human-head; it was the most numerous of the sphinx made in ancient Egyptian art.
A base (also called plinth) is the item that a sculpture is mounted, attached or fixed upon; it should not be confused with a pedestal, because a base is positioned between a pedestal and the sculpture.
A tool used by sculptors to measure in the round as they work. The tool contains two jaws that adjust and can be purchased in a variety of sizes in plastic, metal or wood.
The natural effects of time and air exposure on a surface. Specifically, it may refer to the greenish brown effect that takes place on bronze pieces from exposure and aging. This term may also apply to the build up of characteristics that occur on leather products over time.
Sculptured artwork that projects or sinks in relation to a plane - it may be a carved or modeled form. Material is taken away from the plane that is not necessary for the composition of the image. A common use of relief sculpture is to place a number of relief panels together to portray scenes of an event.